Azerbaijan flag: colors, meaning and history
Azerbaijan flag description:-
Azerbaijan flag (Azerbaijan: Azərbaycan bayrağı) is a horizontal tricolor with three stripes of equal size of blue, red and green, with a white half-moon and an eight-pointed star in the center.
The nickname for the flag is Üçrəngli Bayraq, which means The Tricolour Flag.
Azerbaijan flag was adopted on November 9, 1918, and was re-adopted on February 5, 1991.
Azerbaijan flag design:-
The national flag of Azerbaijan consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, from top to bottom: light blue, red and green. In the center, there is a white half-moon and an eight-pointed star. The basic description of the flag, with the relation, can be found in the Constitution of Azerbaijan, which was adopted on November 12, 1995:
The state flag of the Republic of Azerbaijan consists of three horizontal bands of the same width. The upper bands are blue, the central bands are red, and the lower bands are green. In the center of the red stripe on both sides of the flag, a white crescent with an eight-pointed star is depicted. The width of the flag is half of its length.
The additional specifications of the national flag were detailed in the presidential decree “On the national flag of the Republic of Azerbaijan” published on February 5, 1991. The report was maintained at 1: 2, which was used in Soviet times.
Each band is one-third of the total height of the flag and extends along. The star and half moon have been placed in a box that has a ratio of 3: 4; the half-moon moves one-sixtieth from the center. The outer diameter of the half moon and the inner red circle intersect the diameter of the star. The diameter of the star is one-sixth of the height of the flag; the circle inscribed on this star is one-twelfth of the height of the flag. The flag is also defined in the technical specification “AZS 001-2006, Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Bayrağı, Texniki şərtlər.” published by the State Committee for Standardization, Metrology, and Patents of the Republic of Azerbaijan in 2006.
Azerbaijan flag meaning:-
The blue color on flag of Azerbaijan symbolizes Azerbaijan’s Turkish heritage,
the red color on the flag of Azerbaijan represents progress, development, and prosperity of the nation,
and the green color shows Azerbaijan as an Islamic nation.
there are different theories about the symbolism of the half-moon and the star, there has never been an official explanation of its meaning.
While the crescent moon and star are considered markers of Islam, some historians and researchers disagree on why an eight-pointed star is used on the Azerbaijani flag. Fatali Khan Khoyski points out the eight letters of the word “Azerbaijan” as they are written in Arabic. It is also believed that the eight points of the star represent the eight Turkish cities of Azerbaijan. The problem is that there are only seven Turkish cities: Azeris, Ottomans, Jagatais, Tatars, Kipchaks, Selijuk and Turkmen. It is possible that the Kipchaks actually reflect two peoples, the Kazakhs and Kyrgyz, who would be eight. The classification of Turkish peoples before the Soviet era was different from what it is today
Azerbaijan flag colors:-
Color Scheme of Azerbaijan flag:-
|Cyan (Process)||Imperial Red||White|
|RGB||(0, 185, 228)||(237, 41, 57)||(255, 255, 255)||(63, 156, 53)|
|CMYK||1, 0.188, 0.105, 0.105||0, 0.827, 0.070, 0.070||0, 0, 0, 0||0.596, 0, 0.388, 0.388|
Azerbaijan flag history:-
Pre-Soviet Era flag of Azerbaijan:-
In 1828, after the last Russo-Persian war, several khanates of the Caucasus were annexed to the Russian Empire. When the Russian Empire collapsed, Russian Azerbaijan declared its independence and joined the trans-Caucasian Federative Democratic Republic of Transcaucasia with Georgia and Armenia. This unified state lasted barely a year and soon it dissolved. The Republic being ephemeral, it did not use flags or symbols. However, some historians consider a tricolor horizontal gilded, black and red, similar to that of the German flag but arranged differently, as the flag of Transcaucasia. The federation was dissolved on May 26, 1918, when Georgia declared independence as the Democratic Republic of Georgia. Armenia and Azerbaijan declared independence two days later on 28 May 1918 respectively in the Democratic Republic of Armenia (DRA) and the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan.
After gaining independence, the tricolor blue-red-green flag was adopted by the Government of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan on 9 November 1918.
Flag of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan in 1918
Azerbaijan was the first modern democratic state in the Muslim world. The Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan lasted only 23 months until the Red Cross 11 Bolshevik Soviet Army invaded by creating the Azerbaijani SSR on April 28, 1920. Although most of the Azerbaijani army newly formed was determined to suppress an Armenian revolt that had just exploded. In Karabakh, the Azeris did not quickly or easily give up their brief independence from 1918-20. Up to 20,000 Azerbaijani soldiers died resisting what was, in fact, a Russian reconquest.
Flag of Azerbaijan in 1918 similar to current Azerbaijan flag
Transcaucasian SFSR flag:-
On March 12, 1922, the Azerbaijani SSR joined the Georgian SSR and the Armenian SSR under the authority of the SFSR of Transcaucasia. On December 30, 1922, the SFSR of Transcaucasia became one of the four Soviet republics to unite to form the USSR. The flag of the republic had a sickle and a hammer inserted into a star with the initials ЗСФСР written in the Russian sans-serif script.These letters stand for Закавказская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика. In 1936, the TSFSR was broken up into its three constituent regions, which were named the Azerbaijani SSR, the Georgian SSR, and the Armenian SSR.
Azerbaijan SSR flags:-
During the Soviet government, the Azerbaijan SSR had eight different flags. Most flags have only small differences. The adaptations were the result of the disastrous first years of the Soviet Union in the Caucasus. The first unofficial Soviet flag of Azerbaijan was used when the Russians conquered Baku on April 28, 1920.
The first official flag was adopted in the first constitution, in accordance with Article 104 of the Azerbaijan SSR, May 19, 1921. At the time when the official language of the Azerbaijani SSR was the Azeri Turkish language, the alphabet was based in Arabic script. Therefore, the words A.S.R. They were written in Arabic. The eighth and last flag of Soviet Azerbaijan was issued on October 7, 1952. The design was similar to that of the Soviet national flag with a horizontal blue stripe added to the bottom occupying a quarter of the height of the flag. The definition was as follows:
The national flag of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic is a group consisting of two horizontal stripes of color: the three reds quarter of the width and the bottom is blue, almost a quarter of the width of the flag with the image the upper left corner of the red band, on the mast and the sickle and the golden hammer, and above them a red five-pointed star framed by a fringe of gold. The ratio of width to length is 1: 2.
Azerbaijan Flag in 1920–1921
Azerbaijan Flag in 1930-1936
Azerbaijan Flag in 1937–1940
Azerbaijan Flag in 1940-1952
Azerbaijan Flag in 1952–1956
Azerbaijan Flag in 1956–1991
Azerbaijanbaijan flag after independence:-
During the Soviet period, Jahid Hilaloglu raised the tricolor over the Baku Tower in 1956, showing his disregard for the system. Hilaloglu was finally sentenced to four years in prison and his supporter Chingiz Abdullayev was institutionalized. On May 28, 1952, during the celebrations of the Republic Day in Germany, Mammed Amin Rasulzade raised the tricolor flag and asked to be given to whoever would return the flag to Azerbaijan. Gulmirza Bagirov finally took him secretly to Azerbaijan in the 1970s; this flag was hung over his house in Maştağa on January 20, 1990.
In the late 1980s, riots in Soviet Azerbaijan, the tricolor flag of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan was used in demonstrations calling for independence. On November 17, 1990, at the first session of the Supreme Assembly of the Autonomous Republic of Nakhichevan, the Azerbaijani flag of 1918 was adopted as the national flag of the autonomous state. This flag was adopted later when the decree “By changing the name and the national flag of the Azerbaijani SSR” was issued on November 29, 1990. The decree was ratified on February 5, 1991 by the National Assembly of the Republic. The first constitution since independence was adopted on 12 November 1995 after a national vote; one of the articles that describes the tricolor flag of the republic.
On 17 November 2007, the Azerbaijani President issued a decree “On the establishment of the National Flag Square” in Baku. The square has a mast with a mass of 220 tons and a height of 162 meters. The flag deployed in this post has an area of 2,450 square meters; The size of the flag itself is 35 meters wide and 70 meters long and weighs 350 kilograms. A museum dedicated to the national flag was also built on this mast. On September 1, 2010, the flag was officially raised to open the museum; later, this mast became the highest mast in the world, until it reached the 165-meter Dushanbe mast, Tajikistan. In 2009, November 9 was officially declared National Flag Day. This day is reserved for the respect of the flag, its history (the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan adopted for the first time the current tricolor on November 9, 1918) and its symbolism.