Canadian flag: Design, Colors, Meaning and history
Canadian flag design:-
The Canadian flag comprises of three vertical bands. The right and left bands are red and of equal size. The central band is white and in the center is a red emblem with a maple leaf with 11 branches. The central band covers half the width of the flag; while the red bands cover a quarter each.
Flag of Canada was designed by George F.G Stanley and was adopted on February 15, 1965.
Canadian flag description:-
The Canadian flag is horizontally symmetrical and, therefore, the front and the back are identical. The width of the Maple Leaf flag is double the height. The white field is a pale Canadian (a square central band on a vertical banner, named for this flag); Each red field that borders is exactly half its size and has a stylized red maple leaf at its center. In heraldic terminology, the coat of arms of the flag, as indicated in the original Royal Proclamation, is “Gules in a pale Canadian silver a maple leaf of the first”
Maple Leaf on Canadian flag:-
In heraldic terminology, the coat of arms of the flag, as indicated in the original royal proclamation, is “Gules in a pale Canadian silver, a maple leaf of the first.”
Jacques Saint-Cyr designed the image of the maple leaf used in the Canadian flag; however, Jack Cook claims that this eleven pointed stylized maple leaf was taken from a copyrighted drawing owned by a Canadian craft store in Ottawa.
The maple leaf has been used as a Canadian emblem since the 18th century. It was first used as a national symbol in 1868 when it appeared on the shields of Ontario and Quebec. In 1867, Alexander Muir composed the patriotic song “The Maple Leaf Forever”, which became an unofficial anthem in English Canada. The maple leaf was later added to the coat of arms of Canada in 1921. From 1876 to 1901, the leaf appeared on all Canadian coins and remained in the penny after 1901. The use of the maple leaf by the Royal Canadian Regiment, a symbol of the regiment, dates back to 1860. During the First World War and the Second World War, the Canadian Forces badge was often based on a maple leaf motif. The maple leaf would eventually adorn the gravestones of Canadian military graves.
Dimensions of Canadian flag:-
Meaning of Canadian flag:-
Red Color on Canadian flag has been taken from the Saint George’s Cross.
White color on the flag of Canada is from the French royal emblem.
Canadian flag colors:-
|#FF0000||(255, 0, 0)|
0, 1, 1, 0
|White||#FFFFFF||(255, 255, 255)|
0, 0, 0, 0
History of Canadian flag:-
In the 1960s, the debate over an official Canadian flag intensified and became a subject of controversy, culminating in the Great Debate of 1964. In 1963, the Liberal minority government of Lester B. Pearson seized power and decided to adopt a flag. Official Canadian election through parliamentary debate. The leading political champion of change was Pearson. He had been an essential intermediary during the 1956 Suez Crisis, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. During the crisis, Pearson was upset when the Egyptian government opposed the Canadian peacekeeping forces because the Canadian flag contained the same symbol (the Union flag) also used as a flag by the United Kingdom. United, one of the belligerents. Pearson’s goal was for the Canadian flag to be unmistakable and undoubtedly Canadian. The primary opponent of the change of flag was the opposition leader and former prime minister, John Diefenbaker, who eventually turned the issue into a personal crusade.
In 1961, Leader of the Opposition Lester Pearson asked John Ross Matheson to begin investigating what would make Canada a new flag. Pearson knew that Red Ensign with Union Jack was unpopular in Quebec, a base of support for his Liberal Party, but very much favored by the English of Canada. In April 1963, Pearson was Prime Minister in a minority government and was in danger of losing power over the issue. He formed a 15-member, multi-party parliamentary committee in 1963 to select a new design, despite opposition leader Diefenbaker’s demands for a referendum on the subject. On May 27, 1964, Pearson Cabinet petitioned Parliament to adopt their favorite design presented by artist and counselor Alan Beddoe heraldic, with a “sea to sea” flag (Canadian currency) with blue edges and three red maple leaves joined in a white field. This motion resulted in weeks of fierce debate in the House of Commons, and the design took the name “Pearson Pennant,” ridiculed by the media and considered a “concession in Quebec.”
In September 1964, a new multi-party committee of seven Liberals, five Conservatives, a New Democrat, a Social Credit Creditor and a Socialist with Herman Batten was formed as President, while John Matheson was Pearson’s right hand. Among those who gave their opinion to the group, Duguid expressed the same opinions he had in 1945, insisting on a drawing using three maple leaves; Arthur R. M. Lower, emphasizing the need for a distinctly Canadian emblem; Marcel Trudel, defending the symbols of the founding nations of Canada, which did not include the maple leaf (thought shared by Diefenbaker); and A. Y. Jackson, providing their own suggested designs. It was also considered by a leadership of about 2,000 public suggestions, in addition to another 3,900, “including those who had accumulated in the Department of the Secretary of State and a 1945-1946 parliamentary committee flags” committee. Through a six-week study period with political maneuvers, the board voted for the two finalists: Pearson Pennant (Beddoe design) and current design. Believing that Liberal members would vote for the Prime Minister’s preference, the Conservatives voted for a single page. However, the Liberals voted for the same, giving a unanimous vote of 14-0 for the option created by George Stanley and inspired by the flag of the Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) in Kingston, Ontario.
There, near the Parade Square March 1964, while he was looking at the flag of the Mackenzie University, Stanley, RMC’s Dean of Arts, first suggested building to Matheson, then MP for Leeds, the flag Le CMR should form the basis of the national flag. The suggestion was followed by the memorandum Stanley March 23, 1964, about the history of the emblems of Canada, in which he warned that any new flag “should avoid using national or racial symbols that are likely to divide” and that it would be “clearly discouraged” to create a flag that would carry the Union Jack or a fleur-de-lis. According to Matheson, Pearson’s “primary and desperate purpose in presenting the new flag was to keep Quebec in the Canadian Union. Dr. Stanley’s idea was that the new flag should be red and white and that it should have the only maple leaf; His note included the first version of what would become the Canadian flag. Stanley and Matheson collaborated on a design that finally, after six months of debate and 308 speeches, was approved by a majority in the House of Commons on December 15, 1964. Just after, at 2:00, Matheson wrote to Stanley: “Your proposed flag has been approved by Commons 163 to 78. Congratulations, I think it’s an enormous flag that will serve Canada. The Senate added its approval two days later.
Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, proclaimed the new flag on January 28, 1965, and was inaugurated on February 15 of the same year during an official ceremony on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, in the presence of Governor General Georges Vanier General, the Prime Minister, other Cabinet members, and Canadian parliamentarians. The red flag was lowered at noon, and the new flag of the maple leaf was raised. The crowd sang “O Canada” followed by “God Save the Queen.” From the flag, Vanier said that “[it] will symbolize for each of us – and for the world – the unity of purpose and high resolution to which fate calls us.” Maurice Bourget, Speaker of the Senate, said: “The flag is the symbol of the unity of the nation, because, without a doubt, represents all the citizens of Canada, regardless of race, language, creed or belief. Opinion. However, there was always opposition to change, and Stanley’s life was even threatened for “killing the flag.” In spite
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the flag, the government, detained by the Conservative Party, was criticized for the lack of an official ceremony dedicated to the date; the partisanship charges were leveled. Minister of Canadian Heritage Shelly Glover denied the allegations and others, including Liberal MPs, highlighted community events across the country. However, Governor General David Johnston presided over an official ceremony at Ottawa’s Confederation Park, which was part of Winterlude. He said, “The national flag of Canada is so anchored in our national life and so emblematic of the national goal that we simply can not imagine our country without it. Queen Elizabeth II said, “On this fiftieth anniversary of the National Flag of Canada, I am pleased to join all Canadians in celebrating this unique and precious symbol of our country and our identity. A commemorative stamp and a coin were issued. by Canada Post and Royal Canadian Mint, respectively.
Images of Previous Versions of Canadian flag:-
Canadian Flag used (1868–1921):-
Canadian Red Ensign commonly used in western Canada:-
Canadian Flag used (1921–1957):-
1957 version of the Canadian Red Ensign that had evolved as the de facto national flag until 1965:-
First flag proposal to Parliament; the Pearson Pennant:-