Chile flag: colors, meaning and history
Chile flag design:-
The Chile flag consists of two unequal horizontal bands of white and red and a blue square of the same height as the white band of the township, which has a five-pointed white star in the center. It was adopted on October 18, 1817. The Chilean flag is also known in Spanish as La Estrella Solitaria.
It has a ratio of 3: 2 between the length and the width, it is divided horizontally into two bands of equal size (the red being the lowest). The upper zone is divided once: into a square (blue), with a single centered white star; and rectangle (white), whose lengths are in a ratio of 1: 2.
Chile flag description:-
The construction of the Chilean flag is currently officially defined in the Supreme Decree No. 1534 of the Ministry of the Interior, published in 1967, on the use of national emblems, which systematizes and consolidates various laws and regulations in this area. (Other laws include Law No. 2.597 of 11 January 1912 on the colors and proportions of the national flag, the presidential belt, and the rosette, and Supreme Decree No. 5805 of the Ministry of the Interior, issued on August 26, 1927, the size of the national flag for use in public buildings and offices.) According to the decree, the relationship between the length and width of the flag is 3: 2, dividing horizontally into two bands of equal size. While the lower section corresponds to the red color, the upper zone is divided once into a blue square and a white rectangle whose lengths are proportional 1: 2, respectively. The star is located in the center of the blue canton and is built on a circle whose diameter is half of the side of the canton.
Chile flag meaning:-
The red color stripe on Chile flag represents the blood of the patriots who fought for the independence of Chile.
The white band on the flag of Chile symbolizes the snow of the Andes;
The blue color striple on Chilean flag represents the sky.
The star on the flag of Chile underlines the fact that Chile is a unitary republic and not a federal republic.
Chile flag colors:-
According to the epic poem La Araucana, the colors were derived from those of the Mapuche flag during the Arauco War. The “Flag Day” is celebrated every year on July 9 to commemorate the 77 soldiers who died in the battle of La Concepción in 1882.
Chilean flag Color Scheme:-
|RGB||(0, 57, 166)||(255, 255, 255)||(213, 43, 30)|
|CMYK||1, 0.656, 0.349, 0.349||0, 0, 0, 0||0, 0.798, 0.164, 0.164|
Chile flag history:-
Pre-Independence Chile flag:-
The first reports on the possible use of flags by indigenous peoples date back to Arauco’s war, the most famous being the use described in the late-sixteenth-century epic poem La Araucana. In song XXI, Alonso de Ercilla depicts Talcahuano, warrior, and leader of the Mapuche who work the land near the current city that bears his name, with emblems of blue, white and red. Another valuable information is that the colors of the flag were chosen from the old Chile they made and that was appreciated all over the world.
Two flags used by the Mapuche troops have been documented. However, these descriptions were made in the late eighteenth century without any certainty about his age. One consisted of a white five-pointed star on a blue background alike to the canton of the present Chilean flag, while the second had a white eight-pointed star centered on a blue diamond with a zigzagged edge on a black background. The last flag seems to be stirred by the chef Lautaro in the most famous artistic representation of him, created by the painter Pedro Subercaseaux.
The primary symbol of this flag is the star of Arauco, called guñelve, which represents the cinnamon flower and the bright star of Venus. In the independence of Chile, Bernardo O’Higgins said that Guñelve was a direct inspiration to create the Chilean flag with the lonely star.
Colonizing troops used several Spanish flags. Each battalion had its flag, which could incorporate different elements, including the heraldic shield of the King of Spain. One of the most commonly used symbols was the Cross of Burgundy, a red sautoir sawed across a white cloth. The Burgandy Cross was one of the primary symbols of the Spanish Empire abroad, so it flew over warships and was taken by the militias to colonial land during the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
In 1785, Carlos III established an identical flag for all Spanish Navy ships, similar to the current flag of Spain. The use of this red and yellow flag would extend in 1793 to “maritime cities, castles and coastal defenses.” Despite the introduction of this new flag, the Burgundy cross would still be used often by colonial entities.
Flag possibly used by Mapuche troops during the early 18th century Arauco War.
Flag of the Patria Vieja (1812–1814):-
At the beginning of the war of Chilean independence, the first junta government was proclaimed on September 18, 1810, which marked the first step toward the liberation of Chile. It would be during the rule of José Miguel Carrera that the desire for emancipation would gain more strength. However, the junta was established (at least nominally) as a way to control the government during the absence of King Fernando VII, so that the symbols of the state remained Hispanic. Therefore, one of the first acts of his administration would be the implementation of national symbols, such as a plaque, a coat of arms and a distinctive flag to identify the Patriots. The first flag, according to ritual, was embroidered by the sister of the sovereign, Javier Carrera, and would be presented and raised for the first Time July 4, 1812 at a dinner with the United States Consul Joel Roberts Poinsett to celebrate the anniversary of the independence of the United States, an event that had a great influence on the struggle of the Indians for independence.
Named the flag of Patria Vieja (“Old Homeland”), the flag had three horizontal bands of blue, white and yellow. For some, the stripes represent the three branches of government: the majesty of the people, law, and force, respectively; for others, the bands describe the characteristics of nature: the sky, the snowy Andes, and the golden wheat, respectively. On the following September 30, at a celebration in the capital to commemorate the first government meeting, the arms of Chile, also called Patria Vieja, were solemnly adopted and included in the center of the flag.
Although the blue-white-yellow flag of Patria Vieja is the most recognized, other versions used a different color scheme, such as white-blue-yellow, for example. On other occasions, the red cross of Santiago has been included in the upper left corner with the coat of arms in the middle. The cross comes from the victory of the Patriot troops at the battle of El Roble, wherein the possessions of the captured booty of war was a distinctive insignia of the Order of Saint-Jacques, an essential symbol of Spanish pride.
In 1813 after the realistic invasion and the outbreak of the War of Independence, Spanish symbols were eliminated, and the tricolor flag was formally adopted by patriotic forces during a ceremony in the Plaza Mayor in Santiago. Months later, in 1814, Carrera left political and military power, and Francisco de la Lastra was elected as supreme director. The war of independence began to significant losses for the patriotic side, and thus signed Treaty of Lircay on May 3, 1814. This agreement reaffirms Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Chile, among others, as one of its direct consequences, the flag Spanish has been re-adopted at the expense of the tricolor flag.
The flag of the Old Homeland would float even after the return to power of Carrera 23 from July 1814 until the battle of Rancagua (October 1-2), where the royalist victory ended the patriot government and began the Reconquista (o) of 1814 to 1817, restaurant the imperial standard. The tricolor flag was moved for the last time in the battle of Los Papeles (Battle of Papers), but it seems again in the ships that José Miguel Carrera brought in 1817 and during his campaigns in Argentina (1820-21). The Reconquest ended with the victory of the Army of Liberation of the Andes (Army of the Andes Liberator) in the battle of Chacabuco, on February 12, 1817. In this battle, the patriotic troops fought with the Army Colonel and the flag of the Andean army, inspired by the Argentine flag, without re-adopting the blue-white-yellow standard.
Today, the flag of the Old Homeland is used during the funeral services for this historical period of Chile, carried out by the National Institute (General National Institute José Miguel Carrera), which founded the government of Carrera (August 10, 1813). The emblem, adopted as a symbol at the beginning of careerism, was later adopted by the Chilean nationalist movement. For example, the flag with the symbol of the red flash overlaid was the badge of the National Socialist Movement of Chile between 1932 and 1938.
Flag of the Patria Vieja (1812–1814). First Chilean national flag. Simple version without shield, used by merchant ships.
Flag of the Transition (1817–1818):-
The victory in the Battle of Chacabuco on May 26, 1817, gave way to a new period known as New Homeland (New Homeland). Today a new flag was adopted, known today as the flag of transition, and it is known as the first national flag and the last one used to date. It was broadly publicized at the time the design was granted to Juan Gregorio de Las Heras. This flag has three equal bands: blue, white and red. The lower red band replaced the flag of the yellow flag 1812. The origin of the colors of the flag is based on the description given by Alonso de Ercilla as insignia of the Mapuche troops. The meanings of these colors were equivalent to those of the Old Homeland, except that yellow replaced red to represent the blood that had been spilled during the many conflicts.
Despite the initial eagerness, the flag did not obtain official authorization and disappeared five months later. One reason for its suppression was that it was easily confused with the flag of the Netherlands and the tricolor flag of revolutionary France, from which it was inspired.
According to the General History of Chile by Diego Barros Arana, the last time the Transition flag was deployed was at the ceremony to commemorate the Battle of Rancagua, two weeks before the adoption of the current national flag. However, there is no information about a possible third flag between the transitory and final, which would have changed the order of the white and blue stripes and incorporates the white five-pointed star in the central strip, but it is not a certainty, and most Chilean historians do not accept this.
Flag of the Transition (1817–1818).
Third and Current Chile flag:-
The design of the current Chile flag is credited to the Minister of War of Bernardo O’Higgins, José Ignacio Zenteno, who was conceived by the Spanish soldier Antonio Arcos, although historians say that it is Gregorio de Andía and Varela who drew.
The flag was formalized on October 18, 1817, by a decree of which only indirect references to the absence of a copy, which was formally presented at the ceremony of the oath of independence on February 12, 1818, a service in which the carrier was Tomás Guido.
The original Chile flag was planned according to the Golden Ratio, which is reflected in the relationship between the width of the white and blue parts of the flag, as well as several elements in the blue block. The star does not appear in the center of the rectangular block, but the upper point appears slightly inclined towards the pole so that the projection of its sides divides the length of the golden ratio in the block. Also, in the center is printed the National Weapons, known from the Flag of the previous Transition and adopted in 1817.
The adoption of the configuration of the stars can be traced back to the star used by the Mapuches. According to O’Higgins, the star of the flag was the star of Arauco. In Mapuche iconography, the morning star or Venus (Mapudungun: Wünelfe or Guénelve hispanisée) was represented by the figure of an octagonal star or a scaly cross. Although, the star that was finally adopted wore a star with five points with the remaining guñelve design reflected in an asterisk inserted in the center of the star, which represents the combination of European and indigenous traditions.
These conceptions soon fell into oblivion due to the difficulty of building the flag. Therefore, the embroidered seal and the eight-pointed asterisk disappeared while the star remained utterly straight. In 1854, the proportion was determined according to the colors of the flag, leaving the municipality as a square and the elevation-to-flight ratio established in 2: 3. Finally, in 1912, the diameter of the star was set, determined the color of the colors of the presidential flag and the decorative rosette, with the order being blue, white and red from topmost to bottommost or from left to right of the spectator.
All these provisions will be reworked in Supreme Decree No. 1534 of 1967 of the Ministry of the Interior under the government of Eduardo Frei Montalva. In this document, the national emblems, the coat of arms, the rosette or the rosette and the presidential standard have been established. In the meantime, the Political Constitution of Chile of 1980 creates in the first clause of Article 222 that all inhabitants of the Republic must respect Chile and its national emblems.
Time of Flags by the artist Ricardo Meza, located on the wall of the stairs that lead to the second floor of the La Moneda palace.
There are few traces of the original drawing, the most valuable being the flag used in the Declaration of Independence, which was two meters wide and just over two feet long. The flag was protected by several hereditary institutions until it was stolen in 1980 by members of the Left Revolutionary Movement in protest against the military dictatorship. This group conserved the specimen and returned it at the end of 2003 to the National Historical Museum, where it can be found today.
There is a prevalent legend in Chile that this third Chile flag won the “The most attractive national flag in the world” contest. Its most common version indicates that this happened in 1907 in Blankenberghe, Belgium, on the Baltic Sea coast. Other versions of this story say that it happened in the 19th century, or that the Chile flag was positioned second after the French flag; there are even variations that speak of the Chilean national anthem, placing it first or second, after La Marseillaise. The fact that the only documented version of this history is confused with basic details (Belgium has a coastline in the North Sea, not the Baltic Sea) does not reflect its historical accuracy.
Current Chile flag is also very much similar with first Cuban flag