Sweden flag: colors, meaning and history
Design and Description of Sweden flag :-
Sweden flag is bi-color flag consist of blue field along with a yellow Nordic (Scandinavian) cross. Nordic cross is an asymmetrical horizontal cross, with the crossbar closer to the hoist side, the cross extends to the edge of the flag. The dimensions of cross are 5:2:9 horizontally and 4:2:4 vertically.
Swedish flag was adopted in 1906. It’s proportion is about 5:8
Sweden flag meaning :-
The yellow and blue colors in Sweden flag are originate from the Swedish Coat of Arms which features three yellow crowns on a blue base. The golden Nordic cross, common to most Scandinavian flags, shows that the Sweden is also linked Scandinavian countries.
Colors of Sweden flag :-
|Medium Persian Blue|
|RGB||0, 106, 167||(254, 204, 0)|
|CMYK||1, 0.365, 0.345, 0.345||0, 0.196, 0.003, 0.003|
Swedish flag History :-
Mythology of Sweden flag :-
According to the ancient modern legend, King Eric IX of the 12th century saw a golden cross in the sky when he landed in Finland during the first Swedish crusade in 1157. Seeing this as a sign of God, he adopted the gold cross on a blue background like his flag.
It was suggested (depending on who?) That the legend of Swedish origin is chosen to counter a parallel history of origin for the Danish flag, also recorded in the sixteenth century. According to this theory, the Sweden flag was created during the reign of King Charles VIII, who also presented the coat of arms of Sweden in 1442. The national coat of arms is a combination of the arms of King Albert of 1364 and the shield of King Magnus III of 1275, and is quarterly blue by a paw of the golden cross.
Other historians claim that the Swedish flag was blue with a white cross before 1420, and became blue with a golden cross only during the beginning of the reign of King Gustavus I who deposed King Christian II in 1521.
Early History of Sweden flag:-
The exact age of the Sweden flag is not known, but the oldest recorded images of a blue cloth with a yellow cross date from the early 16th century, during the reign of King Gustav I. The first legal description of the flag was made in a command of April 19, 1562 as “yellow in cross in blue”. As stipulated in a royal warrant of 1569, the yellow cross must always be loaded into battle patterns and Swedish flags. Before that, a similar flag appeared on the coat of arms of the Duke of King John III, which is today the southwest of Finland. The same shield is still used by the province.
Blue ensign Sweden flag:-
A royal ordinance of November 6, 1663, regulated the use of the triple glue flag, to be used only as state flag and military banner. According to the same royal order, merchant ships were allowed to fly only the flags of the city cut in their respective provincial colors. In practice, however, the merchant fleet began using a square civil flag of the state flag. In a naval construction instruction of the government of 1730, this civil flag must have the same proportions and the same colors as the flag of the State, with the remarkable difference of being square. In 1756, the use of pennants by private vessels was prohibited
Unification of Sweden and Norway flag (1818-1844):-
On June 6, 1815, a common military badge was introduced for the two united kingdoms of Sweden and Norway. This flag was identical to the former military flag with triple tail of Sweden, with a white jump in red to be included in the canton. Proposed by the Norwegian Prime Minister and trade unionist Peder Anker, the white jumps on a red background were supposed to symbolize Norway (Norway flag), as the country had already joined Denmark and first continued to use the same flag as an independent country but with the national weapons in the township.
Swedish and Norwegian civil ensign 1818–1844, with the saltire on red in the canton symbolizing Norway.
Norwegian ships continued to use de distinguished Danish civiw badge wif native weapons in de canton north of Cape Finisterre, but had to steer de Swedish civiwian norm in de Mediterranean to be protected from pirate attacks. A common civil flag for both countries was introduced in 1818, under the naval flag, but in square cut. This flag was optional for Swedish ships, but mandatory for Norwegians in distant waters. In 1821, Norway adopted a new national civil flag, identical to the current flag of Norway.
After the adoption of a separate Norwegian flag, a royal rule of 17 July 1821 stipulates that ships of both kingdoms use the common civil flag (including salt) in “distant waters” (ie beyond the Cape Finisterre) 13] In the “distant waters”, they had the right to use one of the civil signs of their respective countries or the uniform of the civil flag of the Union. This system was in force until 1838.
Union flags of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905):-
A royal resolution of 20 June 1844 introduced new flags and heraldry to designate the equal status of the two kingdoms within the union. Both countries received civil and military signs in the same pattern, their respective national flags with the addition of a trade union mark in the township, combining the colors of the flag of the two countries. The naval standard was based on the traditional Swedish triple glue model. Moreover, the new mark of the union was to be used as a naval cat and as a flag for the common diplomatic representations abroad. The order also stipulated that the merchant fleet would use civil signs in their respective countries, including the new trade-mark. In addition, royal insignia were introduced for both countries, their respective naval badges with the Union mark, with the addition of weapons of the Union at the center of the cross. The new flags were well received by the Norwegians, who had demanded their own military insignia since the establishment of the union. In Sweden, on the other hand, the new association of the brand in particular became very unpopular and was Sillsallaten derisorily called (Swedish) or Sildesalaten (Norway) after a colored plate of marinated herring, decorated with red beets and apples in a pattern radial. It is believed that the name was used for the first time in a speech by Lord Brakel at the Swedish House of Lords in Stockholm.
During the 19th century, several regulations were issued on the use of Swedish flags. The military standard was also to be used by government vessels and civilian vessels, such as customs, port pilots and Royal Mail. For this use, the military standard would have included a white field with a gold marker: for port pilots (from 1881 on the basis of a proposal of 1825) an anchor with a star;  For Customs (from 1844), the letter “T” dominated a royal crown;  for the royal mail (from 1844) a postal horn with a royal crown. On May 7, 1897, another flag of the state was introduced. This two-headed flag was used by boats and government-owned vessels that did not steal the military flag with triple glue.
At the end of the 19th century, Norway’s growing dissatisfaction with the union led to the demand for a return to the “pure” flag of 1821 without a trade union mark. The opponents of the union began using this flag several years before being officially recognized. In the 1890s, two consecutive sessions of the Norwegian parliament voted to abolish the mark, but the decision was annulled by the royal veto. However, in 1898, when the law of the flag was approved for the third time, the king had to sanction it. On October 12, 1899, the trade union mark was removed from the Norwegian civil flag. Given that the Norwegian military standard under the 1814 Constitution was to be a trade union flag, the trade union mark remained on the military flags until the dissolution of the trade union with Sweden. The “pure” military insignia were hoisted on the fortresses and ships of the navy on June 9, 1905.
However, Mark Union, remained a part of the Sweden flag until 1905, when a law of 28 October, 1905 stipulated the exclusion of the mark from the union of 1 November 1905.
Union mark used in Swedish flags 1844–1905, with proportions 5:4.
Current Sweden flag :-
Current Swedish flag was adopted when On 1 November 1905, the triple-tailed flag also became the Swedish naval jack. Then on 22 June 1906 the flag law has been further regulated the use and design of the flag, notably was a lighter blue color than was used before. The Swedish state flag became identical to the square-cut civil ensign, and all private use of the triple-tailed flag was prohibited.