Thailand flag: colors, meaning and history
Thailand flag Description :-
Thailand flag is consist of 5 horizontal stripes of red, white, blue, white and red colors. Red and white stripes are of equal size and thickness while the middle stripe (blue) has thickness twice from them.
The official name for Thai flag is Trairanga (Thai: ธงไตรรงค์, RTGS: Thong Trairong), “Tricolour flag”. It was designed by King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) and was adopted on 28 September 1917.
Design of Thailand flag :-
The Flag Law of BE 2522 (1979 CE)stipulates that the design of the national flag shall be “of rectangular shape with a width of 6 parts and a length of 9 parts divided into five strips in the whole length of the flag, with the middle a strip of 2 parts in width, a dark blue color, and white stripes that are 1 wide part next to each side of the deep blue stripes, and the red stripes that are 1 part wide at side of either side of the white stripes.The national flag should also be called the Tri-Rong flag “
Construction sheet of Thailand flag design
Meaning of Thailand flag :-
The red stripes represent bloodshed to maintain Thailand’s independence.
White represents purity and is the color of Buddhism which is the main religion of the country.
Blue is the national color of Thailand and represents the Thai monarchy.
Blue is also used to honor the World War I allies of Thailand, Britain, France, the United States, and Russia, all of whom had red, white, and blue flags.
Colors of Thailand flag :-
|RGB||(237, 28, 36)||(255, 255, 255)||(36, 29, 79)|
|CMYK||0, 0.881, 0.070, 0.070||0, 0, 0, 0||0.544, 0.632, 0.690, 0.690|
History of Thailand flag :- previous images of Thai flag :-
he first flag used for Siam was probably a red one, first used under King Narai (1656-1688). Naval flags later use different symbols on the red earth: a white chakra (the weapon of the Hindu god Vishnu, which is also used as a symbol of the House of Chakri) or a white elephant inside the chakra.
Officially the first flag was created in 1855 by King Mongkut (Rama IV), which shows a white elephant (a real symbol) on the red ground, because the simple colored flag was not sufficiently distinct for relations countries.
In 1916, the flag was changed to show a white royal elephant. In 1917, the current design, but with the average color that is the same red as the outer band, was defined as the civil sign. The story goes that during a flood, King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) saw the flag hanging upside down, and to prevent this from happening again, a new flag was created that was symmetrical. Later, in 1917, the middle color was changed to dark blue, which was similar in tone of indigo, which at one time was considered the auspicious color for Saturday, the day that King Vajiravudh was born. According to other sources, the blue color was also chosen to show solidarity with the Allies of World War I, who also have the blue-red-white colors on their flags.
previous Thailand flag images :-
Thai flag from 1700 to 1790 :-
This Thai flag was National ensign during late Ayutthaya and Thonburi periods. It was just a plain red rectangular shaped flag used for almost 90 years. it was even used further as civil ensign from 1790 to 1855.
Thai flag from 1790-1820 :-
This flag was used State and naval ensign decreed by King Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I). It was a Red flag with a white chakra, presumably to represent the Chakri Dynasty.
Thai flag from 1820–1855:-
This flag of Thailand was adopted after Change instituted by King Buddha Loetla Nabhalai (Rama II). It was similar Red flag with the chakra like previous one but the addition of an elephant image has been made inside the chakra.
Thai flag 1855-1893 :-
This flag was a National ensign decreed by King Mongkut (Rama IV) . It consists of a white elephant, facing the hoist, centered on a red field. Called in Thai language “Thong Chang Puak (in thai: ธงช้างเผือก)” (elephant flag). This flag was also further used as civil ensign until 1916.
Flag of Thailand 1893-1917 :-
This Thai flag was a State and naval ensign, to be displayed defaced with the flyer’s emblem on the upper hoist corner. It contained a white elephant in regalia, facing the hoist, centered on a red field.
Thai Civil ensign 1917:-
Though this was not the state or national flag of Thailand but it was used as civil ensign and has much similarity with the current Thai flag. It was Red flag with two horizontal white stripes one-sixth wide, one-sixth from the top and bottom.
Current flag of Thailand 1917- :-